Dr. biol. hum. Erich Flammer, Diplom-Psychologe

Dr. biol. hum. Erich Flammer


Geboren  29.06.1963


Wissenschaftliche und berufliche Tätigkeit

06/2016                     Promotion zum Dr. biol. hum. an der medizinischen Fakultät
                                   der Universität Ulm

seit 11/2006               ZfP Südwürttemberg, Abteilung Versorgungsforschung Weissenau

seit 01/2003               Freiberufliche Tätigkeit im Bereich Statistik, empirische 
                                    Sozialforschung und Datenanalyse

04/2003 - 09/2003     Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter im Fachbereich Politik  und 03/2004 - 08/2004     Verwaltung der Universität Konstanz



10/1994 - 04/2003      Studium der Psychologie an der Universität Konstanz
                                      mit dem Schwerpunkt Klinische Psychologie und dem   
                                      Nachbarfach Statistik mit Abschluss Diplom

10/1983 - 10/1990      Studium der Rechtswissenschaft und der Volkswirtschaftslehre 
                                      an der Universität Konstanz



Dr. biol. hum. Erich Flammer


Flammer E, Eisele F, Hirsch S et al. Increase in coercive measures in psychiatric hospitals in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic. PLoS One 2022; 17: e0264046. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0264046

Flammer E, Hirsch S, Thilo N et al. "Our Patients Are Different". Predictors of Seclusion and Restraint in 31 Psychiatric Hospitals. Front Psychiatry 2022; 13: 791333. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2022.791333

Jaeger S, Uhlmann C, Bichescu-Burian D et al. Correction. One-year follow-up of functional impairment in inpatients with mood and anxiety disorders - Potentials of the Mini-ICF-APP. BMC Psychiatry 2022; 22: 420. doi:10.1186/s12888-022-04051-6

Jaeger S, Uhlmann C, Bichescu-Burian D et al. One-year follow-up of functional impairment in inpatients with mood and anxiety disorders - Potentials of the Mini-ICF-APP. BMC Psychiatry 2022; 22: 334. doi:10.1186/s12888-022-03977-1

Schreiber LK, Metzger FG, Flammer E et al. Open Doors by Fair Means. A quasi-experimental controlled study on the effects of an open-door policy on acute psychiatric wards. BMC Health Serv Res 2022; 22: 941. doi:10.1186/s12913-022-08322-6

Steinert T, Hirsch S, Flammer E. Effects of the Decision of the German Constitutional Court on mechanical restraint in 2018. Coercive measures in the psychiatric hospitals in Baden-Wuerttemberg in 2019 compared to the years 2015-2017. Nervenarzt 2022; 93: 706–712. doi:10.1007/s00115-022-01267-5

Steinert T, Hirsch S, Flammer E. Monitoring of coercive measures and compulsory treatment in Germany. Nervenarzt 2022. doi:10.1007/s00115-022-01349-4

Tschoeke S, Flammer E, Bichescu-Burian D et al. The Association between Type of Dissociation and Psychotic Experiences in a Non-Psychotic Inpatient Sample. J Trauma Dissociation 2022; 23: 504–520. doi:10.1080/15299732.2022.2064576

Bichescu-Burian D, Jaeger S, Steinert T et al. Aftercare of Psychiatric and Psychosomatic Inpatients with ICD-10 Disorders F3 and F4 (PfAD Study). Psychiatr Prax 2021; 48: 351–360. doi:10.1055/a-1349-6257

Eisele F, Flammer E, Steinert T. Incidents of aggression in German psychiatric hospitals. Is there an increase? PLoS One 2021; 16: e0245090. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0245090

Eisele F, Flammer E, Steinert T et al. Aggressive incidents in psychiatric hospitals on heat days. BJPsych Open 2021; 7: e99. doi:10.1192/bjo.2021.33

Flammer E, Hirsch S, Steinert T. Effect of the introduction of immediate judge's decisions in 2018 on the use of coercive measures in psychiatric hospitals in Germany. A population-based study. Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021; 11: 100233. doi:10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100233

Hirsch S, Thilo N, Steinert T et al. Patients' perception of coercion with respect to antipsychotic treatment of psychotic disorders and its predictors. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021; 56: 1381–1388. doi:10.1007/s00127-021-02083-z

Steinert T, Götzl S, Flammer E. Participation in Road Traffic and Mobility in People with Alcohol Dependency and Mental Disability. Psychiatr Prax 2021; 48: 324–327. doi:10.1055/a-1490-8027

Tschoeke S, Bichescu-Burian D, Steinert T et al. History of Childhood Trauma and Association With Borderline and Dissociative Features. J Nerv Ment Dis 2021; 209: 137–143. doi:10.1097/NMD.0000000000001270

Flammer E, Frank U, Steinert T. Freedom Restrictive Coercive Measures in Forensic Psychiatry. Front Psychiatry 2020; 11: 146. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00146

Steinert T, Hirsch S, Goebel R et al. Reduction of coercive measures under routine conditions in psychiatric hospitals 2004-2019. Strong effects in old age psychiatry, much less in general psychiatry. Eur Psychiatry 2020; 63: e102. doi:10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.104

Steinert T, Keyssner S, Schmid P et al. Consequences of the temporaneous lack of admissibility of involuntary medication in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg. Not less drugs, but longer deprivation of liberty. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2020; 88: 248–254. doi:10.1055/a-0893-6507

Traub H-J, Tomlin J, Weithmann G et al. Court sentences to forensic-psychiatric treatment and imprisonment in Germany. Types of crimes and changes from 1995 to 2009. Int J Law Psychiatry 2020; 71: 101577. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101577

Flammer E, Steinert T. The Case Register for Coercive Measures According to the Law on Assistance for Persons with Mental Diseases of Baden-Wuerttemberg. Conception and First Evaluation. Psychiatr Prax 2019; 46: 82–89. doi:10.1055/a-0665-6728

Steinert T, Flammer E. Frequency of coercive measures as a quality indicator for psychiatric hospitals? Nervenarzt 2019; 90: 35–39. doi:10.1007/s00115-018-0611-4

Weithmann G, Traub H-J, Flammer E et al. Comparison of offenders in forensic-psychiatric treatment or prison in Germany. Int J Law Psychiatry 2019; 66: 101502. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.101502

Adorjan K, Steinert T, Flammer E et al. Coercive measures in German hospitals for psychiatry and psychotherapy. A pilot study by the DGPPN to evaluate a uniform assessment instrument. Nervenarzt 2017; 88: 802–810. doi:10.1007/s00115-016-0261-3

Jaeger S, Steinert T, Uhlmann C et al. Dissociation in patients with borderline personality disorder in acute inpatient care - A latent profile analysis. Compr Psychiatry 2017; 78: 67–75. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.07.005

Steinert T, Kappenschneider J, Flammer E. Subjective Experiences of Ward Rules on Wards for Treatment of Alcohol Dependency. Psychiatr Prax 2017; 44: 206–212. doi:10.1055/s-0041-111167

Uhlmann C, Flammer E, Pfiffner C et al. Implementation of the recommendations for psychotherapy after psychiatric inpatient treatment. Results of the PAKT study Part II. Nervenarzt 2017; 88: 275–281. doi:10.1007/s00115-016-0109-x

Uhlmann C, Flammer E, Pfiffner C et al. Recommendations for psychotherapy in psychiatric inpatient treatment. Results of the PAKT Study Part I. Nervenarzt 2017; 88: 268–274. doi:10.1007/s00115-016-0107-z

Flammer E, Steinert T. Association Between Restriction of Involuntary Medication and Frequency of Coercive Measures and Violent Incidents. Psychiatr Serv 2016; 67: 1315–1320. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201500476

Lepping P, Masood B, Flammer E et al. Comparison of restraint data from four countries. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2016; 51: 1301–1309. doi:10.1007/s00127-016-1203-x

Steinert C, Steinert T, Flammer E, Jaeger S. Impact of the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities (UN-CRPD) on mental health care research - a systematic review; 2016 May 26

Flammer E, Steinert T. Impact of the Temporaneous Lack of Legal Basis for Involuntary Treatment on the Frequency of Aggressive Incidents, Seclusion and Restraint among Patients with Chronic Schizophrenic Disorders. Psychiatr Prax 2015; 42: 260–266. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1370069

Flammer E, Steinert T. Involuntary Medication, Seclusion, and Restraint in German Psychiatric Hospitals after the Adoption of Legislation in 2013. Front Psychiatry 2015; 6: 153. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00153

Schirmer UB, Steinert T, Flammer E et al. Skills-based medication training program for patients with schizophrenic disorders. A rater-blind randomized controlled trial. Patient Prefer Adherence 2015; 9: 541–549. doi:10.2147/PPA.S75616

Schmid P, Flammer E, Grupp D et al. Evaluation of a Model of Cross-Sectorial Mental Health Care (Integrated Health). Service Use and Treatment Quality. Psychiatr Prax 2015; 42: 448–454. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1387231

Steinert T, Zinkler M, Elsässer-Gaißmaier H-P et al. Long-Term Tendencies in the Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Five Psychiatric Hospitals in Germany. Psychiatr Prax 2015; 42: 377–383. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1370174

Jaeger S, Weißhaupt S, Flammer E et al. Control beliefs, therapeutic relationship, and adherence in schizophrenia outpatients. A cross-sectional study. Am J Health Behav 2014; 38: 914–923. doi:10.5993/AJHB.38.6.13

Tschoeke S, Steinert T, Flammer E et al. Similarities and differences in borderline personality disorder and schizophrenia with voice hearing. J Nerv Ment Dis 2014; 202: 544–549. doi:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000159

Flammer E, Steinert T, Eisele F et al. Who is Subjected to Coercive Measures as a Psychiatric Inpatient? A Multi-Level Analysis. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2013; 9: 110–119. doi:10.2174/1745017901309010110

Steinert T, Birk M, Flammer E et al. Subjective distress after seclusion or mechanical restraint. One-year follow-up of a randomized controlled study. Psychiatr Serv 2013; 64: 1012–1017. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201200315

Eisele F, Schmid P, Steinert T et al. Analysis of patterns of in-patient and out-patient mental health care by use of routine data. Psychiatr Prax 2012; 39: 319–325. doi:10.1055/s-0032-1305186

Grempler J, Droste-Arndt H, Flammer E et al. Wish to change smoking behaviour among staff and patients of a psychiatric hospital. Psychiatr Prax 2012; 39: 164–168. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1298973

Bergk J, Einsiedler B, Flammer E et al. A randomized controlled comparison of seclusion and mechanical restraint in inpatient settings. Psychiatr Serv 2011; 62: 1310–1317. doi:10.1176/ps.62.11.pss6211_1310

Jaeger S, Flammer E, Steinert T. Psychiatric basic documentation in practice. How reliable is the data? Psychiatr Prax 2011; 38: 244–249. doi:10.1055/s-0030-1266084

Konrad M, Frank UG, Flammer E. Community care for former forensic patients in the local mental health care system--evaluation of the basic documentation in two regions. Psychiatr Prax 2011; 38: 376–381. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1276862

Steinert T, Breier A, Flammer E. Preventive medical checkups and consultations in people with schizophrenia and a comparison group of similar social status. Psychiatr Prax 2011; 38: 87–90. doi:10.1055/s-0030-1248553

Uhlmann C, Eisele F, Flammer E. Assessment and treatment of patients with nonepileptic dissociative seizures in a department of epileptology. Z Psychosom Med Psychother 2011; 57: 288–294. doi:10.13109/zptm.2011.57.3.288

Bergk J, Flammer E, Steinert T. "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES)--validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures. BMC Psychiatry 2010; 10: 5. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-10-5

Borbé R, Klein A, Onnen M et al. Subjective patient experience of psychiatric admissions. Psychiatr Prax 2010; 37: 20–26. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1223338

Steinert T, Eisele F, Längle G et al. PGI-I (patient's global impression) as an outcome and quality indicator of psychiatric in-patient treatment. Results and concordance with doctor's assessments. Psychiatr Prax 2010; 37: 343–349. doi:10.1055/s-0030-1248444

Bergk J, Flammer E, Steinert T. Ratings of coercive interventions by inpatients and staff in Germany. Psychiatr Serv 2009; 60: 1401; author reply 1401-2. doi:10.1176/ps.2009.60.10.1401

Borbé R, Flammer E, Borbé S et al. Social-psychiatric research in Germany--a literature review. Psychiatr Prax 2009; 36: e7-18. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1223359

Flammer E, Breier A, Steinert T. Oral health and hygiene among persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatr Serv 2009; 60: 1402; author reply 1402-3. doi:10.1176/ps.2009.60.10.1402

Lepping P, Steinert T, Needham I et al. Ward safety perceived by ward managers in Britain, Germany and Switzerland. Identifying factors that improve ability to deal with violence. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2009; 16: 629–635. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2850.2009.01425.x

Steinert T, Bohnet U, Flammer E et al. Effects of a training of power and balance on the use of mechanical restraint among in-patients with dementia. Psychiatr Prax 2009; 36: 273–278. doi:10.1055/s-0028-1090216

Flammer E, Alladin A. The efficacy of hypnotherapy in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders. Meta-analytical evidence. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2007; 55: 251–274. doi:10.1080/00207140701338696